Established in 1877, it is housed in the historical structure of the church and the convent of Santa Maria del Carmelo. Its celebrity was consolidated in the late 19th and in the first half of the 20th century, thanks also to the intervention of Giuseppe Verdi. Arturo Toscanini and Claudio Abbado are only two among the most famous professors of the Conservatory, nowadays directed by Maestro Roberto Cappello.